There is no standard treatment for PDD-NOS (now ASD). Therapies are used to minimize symptoms and maximize abilities. An early and accurate diagnosis greatly improves rates of success. Patient-centric individualized approaches are the protocol. Depending on an individual’s needs this may include educational, behavioral, occupational therapy and/or speech therapies. A collaborative effort between the patient, health care team, and caretakers leads to the best results.
There are a variety of treatment options available for ASD, which includes PDD-NOS.
There is no medication approved to treat Autism Spectrum Disorder or PDD-NOS. However, certain psychiatric medications can help control secondary symptoms. Antipsychotics, such as Risperidone and Aripiprazole, are used to control irritability and aggression, while stimulants, such as methylphenidate, atomoxetine, and clonidine, are used to control hyperactivity, impulsivity, and inattention. Medical intervention for the treatment of epilepsy – which is common with PDD-NOS – can also be helpful.
In addition to psychiatric medication, there are a number of other treatment options available to those with ASD (including PDD-NOS). These modalities include behavioral therapy, family counseling, speech and language therapy, and educational therapy. Often a combination of these therapies needs to be honed before the right balance is reached.
Behavioral therapy is one intervention used for people with ASD (including PDD-NOS) This focuses on either increasing the ability to communicate effectively or reducing the behavioral problems. Speech and language therapy can be an important first step to improving communication skills. However, further social skills training, to help people with autism (including PDD-NOS) recognize and interpret the gestures and figures of speech other use to express emotion, is often necessary. For those with ASD (including PDD-NOS) to excel in all aspects of their daily life, an individual intensive educational program may be necessary for some patients.
Pediatric home care is available through The Care at Home Medicaid Waiver for Developmentally Disabled Children